Week Ahead – US inflation and earnings, central banker appearances in abundance Somoybulletin



This week will deliver a make-or-break moment for Fed rate hike expectations.  The main event will be the September inflation report.  Expectations are for both headline and core inflation to post 0.3% month-over-month gains in September, while headline year-over-year inflation will drop a tick to 3.6% and core’s annual reading will ease from 4.3% to 4.1%. In September, gas prices were relatively stable, car prices rose, and some core services were sticky. 

Before Wall Street locks in on Thursday’s CPI release and weekly jobless claims, traders will pay close attention to the PPI release on Wednesday.  On Friday, the University of Michigan sentiment report will closely be watched, with the focus falling on near-term inflation expectations.  Last month, consumers saw prices rising 3.2% over the next 12 months, which was the lowest level since 2021.   

Clarity is expected as to who will be the frontrunner to become the speaker of the House, which will play a critical role in avoiding a government shutdown come mid-November.  

The banks kickoff earnings on Friday and it seems many are expecting the financials to highlight a much weaker consumer given surging delinquencies and exhausted excess savings. JPMorgan, Wells Fargo, Blackrock, and Citigroup report earnings before the NY open.  

Fed officials will be making 14 appearances throughout the week. Bostic and Collins speak after the inflation report and Harker makes the lone Friday appearance.  


A pretty quiet week for the euro area, with an appearance from ECB President Christine Lagarde probably among the few highlights. The ECB minutes release on Thursday is probably the key event of the week considering how debated the dovish hike likely was. The message was clear though but it will be interesting to see how united the committee was. 


The focus next week will be the array of BoE appearances which come at a time of great uncertainty for central banks, most notably in the UK. The MPC surprised markets last month with a decision to leave interest rates unchanged – just – and a lot of the language around it was more neutral than would have been expected under those circumstances. We can sometimes read too much into these things so it will be interesting to hear what the thoughts of the various policymakers are. We also have GDP figures on Thursday. 


Inflation data on Wednesday is the standout release next week and once more, it’s expected to rise, this time to 5.8%. Pressure will mount on the central bank to keep raising rates with inflation increasing at this rate and the rouble still sitting near its 18-month lows. 

South Africa

A couple of economic releases are on the agenda next week but both are tier two or three and therefore unlikely to be game-changing.


Another quiet week but there are a couple of releases worth noting, with unemployment and industrial production figures due on Tuesday. 


Next week offers very little with the only release being PPI on Friday.


Financial markets in China will be back in action after the Golden Week holiday. On Wednesday, M2 money supply, new yuan loans, and vehicle sales data for September will be released.

The key consumer and producer prices inflation data for September will be out on Friday where the consensus is expecting a tick higher to 0.2% y/y from 0.1% in August. That would be the second consecutive month of y/y growth in consumer prices.

A similar consensus for the PPI where its negative growth is expected to shrink slightly to -2.4% y/y from -3% in August. That would be the third consecutive month of deceleration in producer deflation.

The balance of trade data for September will be released on Friday as well; the trade surplus is expected to expand slightly to US$70 billion from $68.36 billion. The consensus for export growth is almost unchanged at -8.3% y/y versus -8.8% in August, while import growth is expected to contract at a lesser magnitude of -6% y/y from -7.3% in August.


Industrial production data for August is released on Thursday and it is expected to rise to 9.3% y/y from 5.7% in August. The inflation rate for September out on the same day is expected to inch lower to 5.45% y/y from 6.83%. That would be the second consecutive month of contraction from July print of 7.44%, the highest level since April 2022.

On Friday, we will have the balance of trade data for September where the deficit is forecasted to shrink to $23 billion from $24.2 billion.


Consumer and business confidence data will be released on Tuesday and the Westpac consumer confidence is expected to improve to -0.7% m/m from -1.5% .in September.

The NAB business confidence for September is expected to fall to -2 from 2 in August. 

New Zealand

Two key data to focus on; food inflation for September on Thursday which is expected to dip to 7.5% y/y from 8.9%. That would be the third consecutive month of growth deceleration in food prices.

The manufacturing PMI for September will be released on Friday and a contraction reading is forecasted at 46.9, almost unchanged from August’s 46.1. 


On Tuesday, we will get the current account data which is expected to show a further surplus of JPY 3.091 trillion from JPY 2.772 trillion.

Banking lending & PPI data for September will be released on Wednesday. Bank lending is forecasted to dip to 2.4%y/y from 3.1% in August. That would be the lowest growth rate since September 2022. PPI is expected to decelerate further in September to 2.3% y/y from 3.2% in August. 


Two key events to watch on Friday. Firstly, the advance estimate for Q3 GDP growth, the consensus is expecting a lackluster growth rate of 0.4% y/y from 0.7% in Q2. That would be the third consecutive quarter of y/y growth below 1%. The risk of a recession has increased for next year.

On the same day, the Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) will release its semi-annual monetary policy statement; it is expected that the MAS will likely maintain the prevailing rate of appreciation of the S$NEER policy band as inflation pressures have started to cool in the past three months while the external demand environment has remained weak.

Economic Calendar

Saturday, Oct. 7

Economic Data

China forex reserves

Sunday, Oct. 8

Economic Events

UK Labour Party conference in Liverpool through Wednesday

German regional elections in Bavaria and Hesse  

National Association for Business Economics conference in Dallas, through Tuesday

Monday, Oct. 9

Economic Data/Events

US Markets closed for Colombus Day and Canada observes Thanksgiving

China aggregate financing, money supply, new yuan loans

Germany industrial production

Mexico CPI

Singapore GDP

Public holidays in Japan, South Korea and Taiwan

World Bank-IMF annual meetings begin

French President Macron is expected to discuss AI with German Chancellor Scholz  

LME Week, annual gathering of the global metals community in London

Fed’s Barr speaks at the American Bankers Association annual convention in Nashville

Fed’s Logan speaks at National Association of Business Economics annual meeting in Dallas

Fed Governor Jefferson speaks at NABE conference

BOE’s Mann speaks at NABE conference

ECB’s Centeno and Brazilian central bank President Neto speak in Lisbon

Tuesday, Oct. 10

Economic Data/Events

US wholesale inventories

Australia Westpac consumer confidence

Chile copper exports, trade

Italy industrial production

Japan balance of payments

Mexico international reserves

New Zealand home sales

Turkey industrial production

Earnings results from PepsiCo

BOE releases minutes of financial policy meeting

The IMF issues its latest world economic outlook

Fed’s Bostic participates in a moderated conversation at ABA convention in Nashville

Fed’s Waller speaks at monetary policy conference hosted by George Mason University

Fed’s Kashkari in a town hall event at Minot State University in North Dakota

Fed’s Daly speaks at town hall event hosted by the Chicago Council on Global Affairs

Wednesday, Oct. 11

Economic Data/Events

US FOMC minutes, PPI

Germany CPI

Russia CPI

Taiwan trade

Turkey current account

NATO defense ministers meeting in Brussels, through Thursday

Citi Australia & New Zealand investment conference through Thursday

US House Republicans plan speaker election

Fed’s Bowman speaks in Marrakesh during World Bank-IMF meetings in Morocco

Fed’s Bostic speaks at Metro Atlanta Chambers event

OPEC members attend Russia Energy Week in Moscow

Thursday, Oct. 12

Economic Data/Events

US September CPI M/M: 0.3%e v 0.6% prior; Y/Y (headline): 3.6%e v 3.7% prior; Core M/M: 0.3%e v 0.3% prior; Y/Y: 4.1%e v 4.3% prior, initial jobless claims

India industrial production, CPI

Japan machinery orders, PPI

Mexico industrial production

New Zealand food prices

South Africa manufacturing production

UK industrial production

ECB Minutes to the September policy meeting

Fed’s Bostic speaks at the National Agriculture Conference at Atlanta Fed

BOJ’s Noguchi speaks in Niigata

BOE’s Pill speaks at the Marrakesh Economic Festival

Friday, Oct. 13

Economic Data/Events

US University of Michigan consumer sentiment

Canada existing home sales

China CPI, PPI, trade

Eurozone industrial production

France CPI

India trade

Japan M2 money stock

New Zealand manufacturing PMI

Poland CPI

Spain CPI

Financial earnings from Citigroup, JPMorgan, Wells Fargo, and BlackRock  

G20 finance ministers and central bankers meet as part of IMF gathering

ECB President Lagarde speaks on an IMF panel with IMF Managing Director Georgieva and WTO Director-General Okonjo-Iweala

Fed’s Harker speaks at a virtual event with the Delaware State Chamber of Commerce

BOE’s Bailey and Cunliffe speak at the Institute of International Finance meeting in Marrakesh

Sovereign Rating Updates

Czech Republic (S&P)

European Union (Moody’s)

Saudi Arabia (Moody’s)

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